Indian is large country. It extends over an area of several thousand square miles. Its climate differs from state to state. The season in the South are different from those in the North. But there are four main seasons that are common to the whole of India. They are the summer, the rainy season, the winter, and the spring.
The summer season brings from the month of April and lasts upto end of June. The sun shines at its brightest and there is intense heat. People perspire all over. In the day, hot winds, called ‘loo’, blow and many dies of heat stoke. People like to wear their white clothes. Kurhas of mulmul are the popular stuffs of clothing in this season. While at home, people like to remain half-naked. Punkhas are used by all. The well-to-do use electricity fans and air-conditioners cool their rooms. The season is a lazy one. People do not like to work. Hence all schools and colleges are closed during these months. Melons, Water-melons, cucumber, etc; are the special fruits of the season.
The rains are most welcome after the intense heat and dryness of the summer months. Usually, the monsoon arrives in the last week of June or the beginning of July and the rainy season lasts upto the end of September. The people heave a sigh of relief as the rainy season beings and the first showers fall. The timely arrival of rains is most essential for an agriculture country like India, where the success or failure of crops depends upon rains. The rain washes down all dust from trees and plants and all nature appears green and beautiful.
It is a pleasant to take long walks or to go out on picnics. During the Sawan months, ladies like to swing on the ‘Jhulas’. The melodious Sawn songs can be heard coming out of every house during the month. Sometimes, when the rains are heavy, there are floods in the rivers of the country, causing much death and destruction. The mango, the King of fruits, is the special fruit of this season. Mangoes of different varieties can be seen hanging in large numbers from the branches of trees. Young and old, rich and poor, all like to enjoy the fruit. It is also popular with foreigners and large quantities of it are exported.
The rainy season is followed by the winter season. This lasts from October to January. This is the healthiest part of the year. Digestion is good during these months and people feel active and like to work. Woolen clothes, suits, pullovers, etc are used to keep off the cold. The people like to bask in the sun in the day and to warm themselves by the fire in the evenings and nights. Those who can afford, use electric heaters to heat their rooms. This is the season of plenty. A large number of vegetables, and fruits grow in abundance and even the poor can eat them s they are cheap. The winter is very good for tours. Educational tours are taken out in large numbers even to the distant parts of the country. People also like to go out for sight seeing. A large number of foreigners visit our country during the winter months. Dry fruits, ‘raivri’ and ‘guzzuk’ are the delicacies special to this season.
The spring, the golden season, in whose praise so much has been written, comes after the winter. It beings with the “Basant Panchimi”, early in February and continues upto the end of March. It is the season when all the trees are all clothed with new and bright leaves. It is green everywhere. It is neither too hot nor too cold.
People enjoy going out on picnic. Spring is a season of reveling and merry-making. The spring revels a climax during the Holi festival in March. There is nothing but colors everywhere. People rub ‘gulal’ on each other’s face. Colored water is also freely sprinkled. The farmers are happy because of their crops are ripe and they would soon reap the reward of their months of long labour.
Such are the different seasons of India. Each one of them has its own merits and demerits. The poor suffer in very season, while the rich can enjoy themselves and be comfortable even in worst one. They can enjoy the pleasures of summer in the winter and those of winter in the summer. They do not know what hardship is to go out and work in the summer ‘loo’ or to remain scantily clothed in the winter months. In the rainy seasons, they do not have to experience the difficulties and miseries of the poor who lives in Kuchcha mud Cottages.